Monday, June 18, 2012

Articles published in Organiser-Panchajanya are not the opinion of RSS: RAM MADHAV

NewDelhi June 6: “Articles published in Organiser and Panchajanya are only the view point of the writer, it has nothing to do with the RSS. Moreover, these publications are run by Swayamsevaks in their personal capacity. RSS has nothing to do with it,” Ram Madhav, RSS Akhil BharatiyaSah Sampark Pramukh has clarified.

Ram Madhav, RSS leader

The clarification came as the mainstream media carried national headlines, that RSS has expressed its opinion on Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modion his style of governance, based on article published in Organiser and Panchajanya.

“The writers are most respectable personalities, they are well wishers of RSS. However the views expressed by them need not be considered as the views of RSS” said Ram Madhav with VSK-Karnataka.

The Perils of the Interlocutor’s Report on Kashmir

Source : Organiser



Flaying the report presented by three-member interlocutor team appointed by the Central Government, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) on June 1 said the move is a precursor of gifting Kashmir to Pakistan. While addressing a press conference in Nagpur’s Reshimbagh Sanghsthan organised for briefing about the Tritiya Varsh Sangh Shiksha Varg, RSS Sahsarkaryavah Shri Dattatreya Hosabale criticised the timing of the declaration of the report by the Centre.

Though the interlocutors had submitted the report much earlier, declaring this report at the time of spiraling prices and rising corruption is the deliberate and cunning attempt by the Central Government to divert people’s attention from Kashmir issue, he said.

A careful study of the recommendations made in this report will reveal that these recommendations exactly contradict the policies that were adopted by the Government of India till now. Demand for self-government by Mufti Mohammad’s PDP, National Conference’s demand for overall autonomy and demand for separate nation by Hurriyat groups have been approved indirectly in this report.

Shri Hosbale expressed utter surprise over the mention of Pak occupied Kashmir (PoK) as Pak administered one in this report by the interlocutors and raised doubt that whose language these people are speaking. He further informed that after an in-depth study of the report, the RSS would decide over its next mode of action.

Dustbin is the place for Kashmir interlocutors’ report

The report of the government nominated interlocutors on Kashmir mostly went along the expected lines. Except when they made atrocious suggestions which would throw the state politically back into the pre-1953 days.

The three interlocutors, to begin with had no locus standi on Kashmir. Two members of the three-member team were thoroughly exposed, when information came that they had accepted the hospitality and patronage of Ghulam Nabi Fai, the international lobbyist (now in US jail) for Pakistan on Kashmir. He is an ISI mole and was stationed abroad, mainly in the US to influence people and decisions in favour of Pakistan. Dileep Padgaonkar, and Radha Kumar, had been guests of Fai, the former more regular than the latter. The third member of the team was former information commissioner M.M. Ansari. He wanted to quit after the other two were exposed as Fai proteges.

The report by these three was put out on the Home Ministry website, a few hours after the parliament session ended. It was an obvious ploy to avoid a serious discussion in Parliament. The interlocutors claimed that they had met hundreds of people from all walks of life to come to any conclusion and suggestions on Kashmir.

The most unacceptable suggestion is to review all the rules and laws passed after 1952-53, the period which strengthened the position of Kashmir as part of India. After the campaign launched by the charismatic leader of Jan Sangh, Dr Shyama Prasad Mukherjee against the state of Jammu and Kashmir having a different emblem, flag and motto, than the Union of India, the Indian government acted to end this ‘duality.‘ Till then the chief minister of the state was called the prime minister of Kashmir. In this fight to integrate Kashmir into India irrevocably, Dr Mukherjee lost his life, in prison. Suspicions of foul play have been in the air since, not ever resolved.
The interlocutors want to undo this. They have suggested a return to the titles of Wazir-e-Azam and Sadar-e-Riyasat for the chief minister and governor of the state. In a most abhorrent stand, the Indian government nominees, paid from the Indian tax payers‘ money have sought to change the position of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir to Pakistan Administered Jammu and Kashmir. This extends the area of Pakistani operation to Jammu and ‘occupation‘ has become administration. How very smooth! It contradicts the sentiment of the Indian parliament, which in a 1994 resolution promised to win back the territories occupied by Pakistan.

The report glosses over the prevailing extremist communal atmosphere in the state, as dictated by Pakistan-sponsored terrorists which prevents Hindus and Sikhs from going back to their homes. It has no solutions to offer on ending terrorism in the valley. On the other hand, the report promotes ‘separateness‘ of the Kashmiris from the others. Kashmiriat is an old, cliched, meaningless expression, which is being flaunted whenever there is talk of diluting such laws as Article 370, which keep the state a sore thumb of the Indian Union.

The BJP and the RSS have wholly rejected the report and rightly so. The BJP, which took note of this report during the National Executive meeting in Mumbai passed a resolution condemning and damning the report. It highlighted six points in the report which made it absolutely unacceptable. The interlocutors have suggested that Article 370 should be made permanent.

The interlocutors’ report comes at a time when there are rumours that the UPA government is working on a secret agreement with Pakistan on withdrawing troops from Siachen, that it is mulling over the proposal to cut back troops in Kashmir and under pressure from state Chief Minister Omar Abdullah is planning to open free movement across the LoC, especially between PoK and Kashmir.

The state government too is doing its bit to bring Pakistan closer to Kashmir. The Chief Minister holds his cabinet meeting at LoC and kow-tows to the terrorists on the duration of the Amarnath Yatra.
The report of the interlocutors should be confined to the dustbin because the motive and commitment of at least two of its members are suspect. The team, to begin with, had no political sanction. The members were selected by the government probably because of their Fai-Pakistan connections. Kashmir is not a game for experimenting. There is but one way forward on Kashmir. And that is to integrate it fully into the Indian Union, by removing Article 370 and other special privileges bestowed upon it.

3rd year Sangh Shiksha Varg concludes, Mohan Bhagwat demands Govt to reclaim PoK

The RSS chief  was addressing a gathering of over 1,000 swayamsevaks (volunteers) who had completed their third-year course of the RSS, The Sangh Shiksha Varg, at the monthlong summer camp held here annually. Bhagwat said the RSS is engaged in uniting people on certain values of nationalism and ideals that would serve the society. He cited Punjab’s separatist movement, which he said, could be defused only because a large section of the society and also the government and those in authority could join hands to achieve the goal.
Nagpur June 11: The 30 day third year Sangh Shiksha Varg was concluded today, the valedictory was held at Nagpur. At the function, RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat delivered validictory address, accused successive governments at the Centre of failing to reclaim Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK) in the last 66 years.
Mohan Bhagwat, RSS Sarasanghachalak

“It is a complete failure on our part that we could not regain the part of Kashmir occupied by Pakistan. Parliament even passed a unanimous resolution 18 years ago that PoK is an integral part of India but successive governments have failed miserably to do anything about it”, Bhagwat said.

3rd year SANGH SHIKSHA VARG Samarop on June 11-2012

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh(RSS) chief Mohan Bhagwat said it was a lack of political will and failure of the countrymen to unite on national issues that had led to most of the problems that the country is facing today. Citing the Pak-occupied-Kashmir as one such problem, he said it was regrettable that even 66 years after parts of Kashmir were illegally occupied by Pakistan, India could do little to regain control over it.

“In 1994 Parliament passed a unanimous resolution that whole of Kashmir, including PoK, were indivisible parts of India and that we have to get back the areas illegally under Pakistan’s occupation. But after that subsequent government have done nothing in last 16 years to gain control of PoK. The country today faces several serious problems. None of them is insurmountable. Only we need to evolve a society that values nationalism and patriotism above individuals and unity to resolve these problems created by political parties that work under vote bank pressures instead of national interests,’ said Bhagwat.

The RSS chief was addressing a gathering of over 1,000 swayamsevaks (volunteers) who had completed their third-year course of the RSS at the monthlong summer camp held here annually to graduate as ‘pracharaks’ (full-time activists). Bhagwat said the RSS is engaged in uniting people on certain values of nationalism and ideals that would serve the society. He cited Punjab’s separatist movement, which he said, could be defused only because a large section of the society and also the government and those in authority could join hands to achieve the goal.

3rd Year OTC-2012 Valedictory

However, he said that such unity of thought was missing when it came to address the Kashmir problem. He lambasted the interlocutors’ report which was put in public domain recently. The report totally ignored the voice of Hindu pundits who were thrown out of the homeland, he said. He also questioned ‘the dual character’ of Kashmir that seems to have enamoured the interlocutors and said which province of India does not have such diverse nature. “In fact it is this diversity that is the hallmark of India’s unity. So where is the question of giving separate treatment to Kashmir?” he asked.

Pointing out the politics of appeasement, Bhagwat said that recently Mamata Bannerjee in West Bengal had granted a pay hike to mullahs and muezzins of mosques. “From where did that money come? It’s public money and majority in this country are Hindus,” said the RSS chief. “There is need to get beyond such appeasement of one section or another and think in terms of policies that would bring real development touching all. Such an exercise was undertaken by outgoing French President Sarkozy who formed a special committee of economists to suggest policies that would bring lasting development in terms of happiness to all and peace in the society, said Bhagwat.

Director of Punjab Kesri chain of newspapers Ashwini Kumar, who was the chief guest at the valedictory function, said if one stood firm on values, success was certain. He said he lost his father Lala Jagat Narain as well as father Ramesh Chandra to separatists’ bullets in Punjab. But his newspaper refused to be dictated by the militants.

Kumar said he considered himself lucky for having spent the day, which was also his birthday, at the RSS headquarters..
(with inputs from TIMES OF INDIA and OUTLOOK)
Third Year OTC- SANGH SHIKSHA VARG Nagpur-2012 inaugurated on May 14

Sunday, June 17, 2012

Symposium on Ram Sethu at Jaipur

JAIPUR: Shaikshik Manthan Sansthan organised a symposium on Sri Ram Sethu in Jaipur. Presiding over the symposium national president of the Akhil Bharatiya Rashtriya Shaikshik Mahasangh Dr Vimal Prasad Agrawal said there is a group of nations in the world which does not want to accept the ancient history of India and that is why they, through different forces, are trying to deny the existence of Sri Ram and Sri Ram Sethu. “But they will not succeed at all, as the people of India are now awakened,” he said.


Rajya Sabha MP Shri Bhupendra Yadav said protecting the national heritage is the duty of every citizen. He said the protection of Ram Sethu is must not only for cultural, historical and religious aspects but also for ecological aspects. “The blind race of development which we are today following is leading to huge environment degradation. The modern development can be said fruitful only when it is balanced,” he said adding that despite clear reference of Sri Ram Sethu in Ramayana, Mahabharata, Agni Puran, Padma Puran as well as the gazettes published by Britishers, questioning the existence of Sri Ram by the Central Government is highly condemnable,” he added.

Earlier, introducing the topic of discussion national organising secretary of the Akhil Bharatiya Rashtriya Shaikshik Mahasangh Shri Mahendra Kapur said the Shiakshik Manthan Sansthan organises workshops, seminars, symposiums and lectures on different topics and the present symposium was also part of the same endeavour. The symposium was held on May 29.


Dr Hedgewar as viewed by village lads

Dr Keshav Baliram Hedgewar, RSS Founder

A group of Youngsters who have studied only up to 5th std., had a vibrant thought to do some service to the nation. These daily wage workers of Paraiyur village, Palacode, Dharmapuri District, Tamilnadu built a Gandhi mantap.  43 youngsters of the village formed a group by name Gandhi Youth Seva Mandram in 2001.  Various service activities like distributing free books, uniforms etc. were the routine work done by them.  Out of their meagre income, they saved 4 lakhs rupees to construct this Gandhi mantap.  Four pillars of the mantap carry the picture of great leaders namely Netaji, V.O Chidambaranar, Bagat Singh and Dr. Hedgewar. Tamilselvan, the Secretary of the Mandram informed: “This mantap is constructed to guide the next generation on a good path, eradicate bad deeds, encourage sewa activity and desa bhakthi”.
(VSK Chennai)

An Awareness Campaign on Jammu & Kashmir: Arun Kumar

Shri Arun Kumar, Akhila Bharatiya Saha Samparkha Pramukh who visited Chennai last week threw some light on how media has projected the Kashmir issue and the real position prevailing in that region.


Majority of ordinary Indians are emotionally attached to J&K and want it as an integral part of Bharat. Most of the intellectuals in India are in a defeatist mood and suggest that we should leave Kashmir and move on. The year 2012 is the year of Bharat in J&K.  We had two such situations earlier as well when the J&K could have been easily integrated with Bharat. The first was in 1947 when there was no sense of alienation and we could have extended the entire Indian constitution to J&K. The second time was in 1971 when 94000 Pakistani troops surrendered to Indian Army and the Kashmiris were disillusioned with Pakistan. The political leadership of India failed to capitalize both these occasions.
Today, terrorism in Kashmir is in its final days and there is no live support structure for terrorists in J&K. Separatists have learned three important things:-

1.     India wouldn’t give up J&K. If they want to live in J&K, they have to live in India.

2.     India cannot be defeated or made to bow down through arms struggle.

3.     Nationalists of J&K cannot be taken for granted. Amarnath agitation was the turning point in the struggle between Nationalist and Separatist forces.                                                         

The current socio-political milieu is very favourable for the nationalist forces. The ruling party requires support of the MLAs from Jammu and Ladakh to remain in power. All the major parties have equal support in Kashmir Valley. There are many differences amongst the separatist leaders and groups. Thus, this is our time to move in and carry on our work.

What should we do? – A nation wide information/ awareness campaign covering the seven points mentioned below about J&K is to be taken up immediately. It is our duty to carry on this campaign among all sections of society particularly, Sangh Swayamsevaks, intellectuals, media and opinion makers.

A.   We have to clear 4 myths that are in the mind of the nation about J&K.

B.   We have to spread 2 important points about J&K: – for this we have to change the discourse on J&K.

C.   We need to have a pro-active agenda for J&K.

A. The 4 Myths:

1.     Myth of Separatism: Everyone think of J&K as a separatist and anti-Indian state. This is a wrong notion. Separatists are active only in Kashmir. Kashmir is the smallest region of the state with a Muslim-majority. All the separatist leaders are from a single community – Kashmiri speaking Sunni Muslims. All the other communities including Gujjar, Pahadi and Shia Muslims are fighting against the separatism and so-called alienation.

2.     Myth of Dispute: There is a big confusion about merger of J&K with India even in the minds of the senior leaders of our nation. Raja Hari Singh of J&K signed a document of accession which was the standard format used for the accession of all the other Princely states with India. This was unconditional. The only document which talks about asking the wishes of people is a letter from Lord Mountbatten – this is not a collateral document and hence not legally substantial. On 6th February 1954, the J&K Constituent Assembly (duly elected by people of J&K) ratified the accession of J&K to India. Hence, legally and constitutionally, J&K is an integral part of J&K India.

3.     Myth of Plebiscite: There is a general belief among intellectuals of India that we have committed for a plebiscite in UN. There is no such commitment. India complained on 1st January 1948 to UN Security Council under UN Charter 35 to force Pakistan to withdraw their aggression from our lands. In 1958, UN Security Council proposed a resolution which called for unconditional withdrawal of Pakistan forces from POK, disbanding of AJK government, extension of J&K Government to AJK, resettling all the Indians who were forced to leave AJK, India to move required number of forces and J&K Government to conduct plebiscite under the supervision of UN Plebiscite Commissioner. Pakistan did not agree and act upon this UN proposal; hence there is no need for India to carry on any plebiscite.

4.     Myth of Autonomy: The only purpose of Article 370 is to extend the union constitution to J&K. It neither gives special status nor guarantees autonomy for J&K. The heading of Article itself says it is temporary and this needs to be repealed. It was only a political fraud to keep the so-called Kashmir separatism alive.

B. Change the discourse on J&K from Kashmir to POK: We have to make the Nation aware of two important points about J&K:

1.     The current POK is very important for India’s security and economic growth. To illustrate, Gilgit (Baltistan) is the only place on the earth which was the meeting place of 6 empires. For the past 2400 years, except for the British, all invasions on Bharat were through Gilgit. If Gilgit is safe, it means India is safe. Gilgit lies on the ‘Silk Route’. Gilgit is connected by road to many important cities of the world such as Moscow, Iran, Dubai and London. Through Gilgit, we can get gas through pipelines from Tajikistan.

2.     The entire people of J&K are the real victims, not just the Kashmiri Muslims. In particular, there are more than 20 lakh refugees from J&K who have lost their homes. This also includes 4 lakh Kashmiri Pandits who became refugees in 1990s. More than 10 lakh refugees came from POK during 1947 war and many more were affected by terrorism. Many good provisions of Indian constitution are not extended to J&K. For example, in Jammu and Ladakh, there was no reservation for SCs till 2007.

C. Proactive Agenda: We should set a proactive agenda to reach the people and get back POK. In J&K, the nationalist people feel that the problems are created, nurtured and carried on by Delhi. Whenever the time was ripe for integrating J&K with Bharat or abrogation of Article 370, the Central Government has miserably failed. Even now, interlocutors sent by the Government have come out with recommendations that are not only anti-national but also contradict the stand taken by the Government itself. Some of their recommendations are: -
  • POK called as Pakistan Administered Kashmir (only separatists call POK by this name)
  • Review of all laws extended after 1952
  • Article 370 to be made permanent
  • Appointment of Governor to be made on the recommendation of the State Government
  • Withdrawal of the IAS/IPS officers appointed by GOI

These recommendations not only weaken India’s stand in the international arena but also dilute its sovereignty on J&K. Every section of the society should be made aware of the anti-national nature of these recommendations and should be opposed.

Do you know…

a.     In last the 20 years of war against terrorism, 5000 soldiers have sacrificed their life; 85000 AK47s and 1 lakh KG of RDX has been confiscated.

b.     85% of area of J&K state is Hindu and Buddhist majority.

c.      Independence Day and Republic Day are the most celebrated public programmes of Jammu and Ladakh regions.

d.     The J&K Maharaja used to pay only four goats and four Kashmiri Shawls for paramountcy to Britishers.

e.      Lord Mountbatten accepted the accession of J&K with India and so was not given an audience with the British Crown till his death.

f.       Sri Krishna Menon spoke for 8 hours in UN Security council on J&K on 23rd Jan 1957. This speech answers all the legal and constitutional questions on J&K.

g.     26th October (Kashmir’s accession to India) and 22nd February (Parliament unanimously passed a resolution of taking back POK) should be celebrated as Kashmir day and Sankalp Diwas respectively all over the nation.

h.     Prem Shankar Jha’s ‘Kashmir 1947: The Origin of Dispute’ discusses the circumstances and Anglo Saxon diplomatic conspiracy which created the Kashmir ‘dispute’.

Sushasaks(Good Administrators) needed for Sushasan (Good Governance): Ram Madhav

(Text of the concluding speech delivered by Sri Ram Madhav at the Rambhau Mhalgi Prabodhini workshop on ‘Quality Manpower for Good Governance’ on 26-05-12 at MewDelhi)
After 60 years of experience with governance in India more and more people feel that it is not working. This system of governance is not delivering.
What is after all the ultimate objective of governance? It is the Yogakshema – security and welfare of the people. Acharya Chanakya, in his seminal treatise Artha Shastra, delineated two principle functions of the government and administration: one is Vitta Shastra – the science of managing wealth; and the second is Danda Neeti – the security policy. The government and administration should strive to secure for its people ample wellbeing and security from internal and external threats.
After 60 years of Independence where do people of India stand today? We are one of the poorest nations in the world with over 612 million people – that is a staggering 50% of our population – suffering from multidimensional poverty. India stands at 161st position in terms of per capita GDP of the countries of the world. Our per capita GDP is $ 3500. We are behind even war-torn countries like Iraq, whose per capita GDP stands at $ 3800. Qatar has the highest GDP per capita of $ 160,000. USA, in its worst financial condition last year, registered a GDP of around $ 48,000. China has more than double the GDP than ours at $ 7500.
It is not just the question of GDP alone, because the GDP can sometimes be misleading. If we look at the actual figures the picture is much more horrifying. The World Bank has set $ 1.25 – roughly INR 70 – per day as the International Poverty Line. A whopping 42.5% population of India lives below this poverty benchmark. Remember, 42.5% in India means around 500 million people.
Our own Government has set a much lower benchmark for poverty. According to Montek Singh Ahluwalia led Planning Commission of India earning INR 20 in urban areas and INR 11 in rural areas can catapult you above the poverty line. The Supreme Court of India had frowned at the utterly low benchmark and demanded from the government an explanation as to how can one subsist on such horrendously low income figures.
But the real story is something else.  Even this low benchmark for BPL (Below Poverty Line) couldn’t produce encouraging results. The Planning Commission claims that the poverty levels have come down from 37.5% to 32%. That means even after taking such low figures our poor population who can’t earn even INR 20 a day are around 400 million.
Yet we register an impressive growth rate of around 9% annually. Last year the Forbes magazine announced that India has 55 billionaires. Three of them – Lakshmi Mittal of the Ispat Group, Mukesh Ambani of Reliance Industries and Azim Premji of Wipro – are among the top 50 of the world. It points to the growing disparity between the rich and poor in the country. Several top executives in our country earn INR 6 million in a year. That puts their daily income at around INR 15000. And 400 million Indians subsist on just INR 20 a day. The difference is 750 times.
In Mahabharata the king was advised that Dharma – Rule of Law – cannot be sustained in the face of not only the penury of the people but also over-affluence.
‘Abhavova prabhavova yatra nastyarthakamayoh
Samaje swatmarupeshu dharmachakra pravartanam’
- The Dharma Chakra – Rule of Law – will prevail only when there is neither shortage nor excess of Artha – the prosperity and Kama – the desires in a society
Whose failure is this? Certainly the system that we have created has not produced the desired results. Two most important wings of the Government – the Executive and the Legislature – have to shoulder this responsibility. A serious rethinking is needed in order to ensure that equitable distribution of wealth is possible. Bold and path-breaking reforms need to be envisioned.
But the problem is that those who have the power to reform the system have developed a vested interest in the existing model. They will find ways to protect their vested interest even while attempting to tinker with the system here and there. That is why neither the Socialism of the first 30 years had helped us nor the liberalization of the last 30 years.
Woodrow Wilson – former President of America – was the first senior leader to talk seriously about administrative reforms. His seminal work on the theme had led to development of a complete discipline of ‘Public Administration’. He insisted upon separating politics and administration. He advocated for a dichotomy of politics and administration. But is that really an answer today?
The politicians will argue that without their control the administration will simply go berserk. Moreover a politician can be removed in five years if he doesn’t deliver whereas an administrator cannot be. But then the administrator argues that it is too much of political intervention that is preventing proper delivery by the administration. Latest case in point is the Supreme Court mandated Police Act. The new Acts drafted by several states witnessed huge tussle between the political class and the police over the control of the police administration. While the political class wants control over police administration for obvious reasons the police administration wants to get rid of not only the political control but also the control of civilian bureaucracy. It showcased how entrenched the vested interests are when it comes to reforming the system.
But one thing appears to be certain. The role of political involvement in a society should shrink. It was Chanakya who explicitly stated that the best government is one which governs the least. In our times renowned management guru Peter Drucker emphasized this aspect in his writings. “The government can’t do everything” he insisted. He called upon the governments of the world to understand what they can do and give up on what they can’t do.
What we need today is less of government. Karl Marx looked at the administration and bureaucracy as instruments of exploitation in the hands of the ruling class. That may be a bit far fetched but the fact remains that concentration of powers in the hands of a few in Delhi and in various state capitals leads to severe anomalies.  We are experiencing them day in and day out. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia described Civil Services bureaucracy as the cancer of our polity. What Marx and Lohia said about the bureaucracy should be taken in a context. We need to decentralize the powers of authority. Let there be decentralization of powers to various rungs.
The success of the western democracies lies in their decentralized power structure. As Lohia said, the answer to non-functioning democracy is not corporatization but more democracy. Delegation of more powers to lower rungs of governance is an important reform that needs to be given a try.
In mid-80s we introduced the Panchayat Raj reforms. But it remained only a half-hearted measure, more of political expediency than real reform. Under Panchayat Raj reforms the Union Government sought to bypass State Governments – most of which in 80s and 90s had been opposition-ruled ones – to provide funds directly to Village Panchayats. What is needed is not funds alone, but delegation of powers. In western democracies a County or a City Municipality enjoys enormous freedom and authority. But in our system a village has no say even in decisions like whether the said village should have a liquor shop or not. Everything is decided at a State capital or the national capital.
 This is another way to reduce corruption and red tape too. The more the decentralization is the less the scope for corruption would be. Delivery also would improve because of the limitations of jurisdiction and local factors like acquaintance etc.
It calls for reorientation of our training mechanism also. A bottom-up training model should be developed where the functionaries of a Village Panchayat also get  training similar to the administrators of a state or central bureaucracy.
The bottomline should be a small government. In the last few years governments in India have adapted some innovative methods. There is a marked increase in PPP – Public Private Partnership projects. Several infrastructure projects have now been handed over to private operators under PPP scheme. In one state the officials claimed that while the government-owned infrastructure corporation has projects worth 2000 crores under its belt the projects under PPP scheme like highways, expressways and flyways etc are worth 28000 crores.
No doubt private participation brings in efficiency and speed. But certain pitfalls have to be kept in mind while granting such projects to private parties. The same state government is contemplating handing over PHCs – Primary Health Centers – that provide for basic health needs of the people in rural areas, to private companies under PPP scheme. In some states key public services like water supply are being handed over to private – sometimes foreign companies.
This move ought to be pondered over. Providing basic public services like health, water supply etc is the primary responsibility of the government. It collects taxes from the public in order to deliver these services. Key factor in these services is that they should be treated as services in true sense. However if a private party is handed over this crucial area it wouldn’t look at it as a non-profit service. For that matter no private company would do work as a charity. Commodification of basic human needs like water is fraught with serious consequences.
Hence a new PPP model should also be thought of. That is Public Public Participation.  The government can hand over certain functions to the people themselves. A shining example is the construction of over 140,000 check dams in Gujarat wherein the government got direct participation of the people of all the beneficiary villages. The dams could be completed with great efficiency in record time and with less input costs.
The bureaucracy needs to be encouraged towards such new methods by which neither corporatization nor privatization but public participation in the administration is promoted. Sadly here again no vested interest can be served if public replaces private. Hence rather than encouraging and rewarding officials who attempt such innovative methods we come across cases where the officials have been punished for the same.
All this boils down to one critical issue – the sensitivity in the administration. Swami Vivekananda had exhorted the reformers to have intense feeling for the subjects of their reform. “Feel from the depth of your heart”, he proclaimed, “Do you feel? Do you feel that millions are starving today and millions have been starving for ages? Do you feel…. That ignorance has come upon this holy land like a dark cloud? Does it make you restless? Does it make you sleepless? Has it entered your blood, coursing through your veins become almost consonant with your heartbeat? Have you become almost mad with that one idea of the misery of your people and forgotten about your name, fame and everything else?”
Today our administration lacks that ‘feeling’. It has become utterly insensitive to the trials and tribulations of  ordinary citizens.
Chanakya proclaimed in Artha Shastra that the happiness of the king lies in the happiness of his subjects. But what we see today is just the opposite. Our governance is happy and nonchalant while tens of millions suffer in misery and deprivation.
Sushasan – Good Governance – is possible only when we have Sushasak – Good Administrators. We must strive to create them in large numbers.